Principles of Creation, The Fall, and The Flood (Cosmology)
In philosophy, the
study of first things and origins has a host of words that
include this concept: cosmology, ontology, metaphysics, ultimate
reality, religion, worldview, ethic, metaphysics, epistemology,
and other such terms. By contrast, a Biblical cosmology is the
only true cosmology. The following are Summary Principles for its historical
and scientific origins.
Philosophies of science
that deny the supernatural realm, believing only in the physical
universe, include such terms as naturalism, materialism,
positivism, empiricism, and pragmatism. All these
stand against the Biblical truth of two equally true dimensions:
the natural and the supernatural (spiritual).
1. God “Is.”
The Bible assumes God's past, present, and future existence. “In
the beginning (of time), God created the heavens and the earth.”
Before anything physical came into being, God existed. God told
Moses at the burning bush, “Before Abraham was, ‘I am.’” God has
always been and always will be. His existence is independent of,
and supernatural to, His creation. He is above and beyond time
2. Immanent and
Sustaining. “All things are upheld by the word of His power”
(Hebrews 1:3). Having created, He is omnipresent, everywhere in
His creation, yet distinct from it. Being omnipotent, He is the
source of all sustaining power in the universe. Being
omniscient, everything in the universe, including the minds of
natural and supernatural beings, is known to Him.
3. Creation. God
created the entire physical universe ex nihilo, out of
nothing, in six days along with the spiritual nature of Adam and
Eve (the parents of all men and women). Any concept of
evolution, including theistic evolution, is inconsistent with
Biblical truth. It is also inconsistent with the best scientific
understanding of the fossil record, the complexity of mature
living things, the geologic column, and the commonly accepted
scientific classifications of genus and species.
At the end of Creation, God pronounced all that He had made as
“very good.” Thus, everything in the universe, as He created it,
is inherently moral. Man or Satan may use nature to evil
purposes, but these acts are not consistent with God’s original
4. Natural and
Supernatural. There are two extant dimensions. One is nature
or natural, the physical realm, that may be examined by the
senses (empirically): touched, seen, felt, heard, and tasted
with or without instruments. The other is supernatural, which
cannot be examined by the senses. Herein exists God and the
supernatural beings (angels, Satan, demons, cherubim, seraphim,
etc.). Neither dimension is more “real” than the other. These
supernatural beings may assume physical properties, and thus be
perceived by man’s senses, but they primarily exist in the
The concept of mind links
these two realms. See Image of God below.
5. Image of God in
man before and after the Fall. Man was created in the image
of God. This image is primarily man’s mind, which is not part of
the physical, although linked to it through the brain. The Fall
of Adam diminished, but did not destroy, this image. Man is able
to think rationally and logically, although prone to errors.
communication comes from God.
“In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and
the Word was God” (John 1:1). “Word” is a broad and deep
concept. John Calvin in his commentary on the Gospel of John
translates “Word,” as “The Speech.” Gordon Clark discusses that
hundreds of words are needed to represent adequately logos,
Greek for “word.” (The Johannine Logos, (The Trinity
Foundation, 1972), page 14.
Effects of the
Fall. The physical universe was affected by man’s Fall in
cataclysmic ways (Romans 8:19-22). Bible-believing scientists
differ on exactly what these effects were. However, the Bible is
specific on some changes (Genesis 3). A) Pain in childbirth for
women. B) Man’s struggle to produce and provide sustenance for
himself and his family. C) Disease and death of living things.
D) Serpents made to slither on their bellies.
Scientific studies of
the effects of the Fall are complicated by changes that occurred
because of the Flood. Since evolution is neither consistent with
the Biblical record of creation nor with the scientific
evidence, geological and biological records from archeological
and sedimentary study show profound changes that cannot be
explained without these extraordinary events.
6. Effects of the
Flood. Again, Bible-believing scientists are not agreed
exactly what processes were involved in the Flood or the changes
in the natural world that were affected by that cataclysmic
event. However, there are Biblical clues in that the “fountains
of the great deeps were broken up and the windows of heaven were
opened” (Genesis 7:11). It is likely that the earth’s crust was
changed markedly, as were many other natural processes. These
effects contrast with the concept of Uniformitarianism
Only eight people
survived the Flood: Noah and his wife, their sons (Shem, Ham,
and Japheth) and their wives. They are the fathers and mothers
of all subsequent generations.
7. Effects of the
Last Days. As God wraps up human history, he will destroy
the present universe and create a new one (II Peter 3:10-13).
Thus, the natural world will not exist forever.
Uniformitarianism. The philosophy of science that all
natural process are the same yesterday, today, and in the
future. The Creation, The Fall, The Flood, and The New
Creation destroy this concept. Almost certainly,
non-uniformity of natural processes, caused by events of the
Flood, is the cause of mistakes being made in the dating systems
of modern physics.
9. Creation Mandate.
“Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and subdue it;
have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the
air, and over every living thing that moves on the earth”
(Genesis 1:28). Man is to rule the earth and all that is in it
under God’s authority, as His stewards, and by His Word to give
direction for this task. John Murray has named seven
mandates: (1) "the procreation
of offspring, (2) the replenishing of the earth, (3) subduing
the same, (4) dominion of the creatures, (5) labor, (6) the
weekly Sabbath, and (7) marriage" (Principles of
Conduct, page 27).
Some Christians have
posited that "dominion" is limited to plants and animals, not to
politics and government. However, one cannot have proper
dominion, that is, freedom to manage rightly plants and animals,
unless one's government has laws that protect and give him the
freedom to manage those things under "dominion" on his own
The verse above applies not only to dominion over nature, but
the transformation of cultures towards the system that God has
devised and written in the Scriptures.
10. Biblical History
and Modern Science. Modern science believes that only
“science” can make statements about natural events in history. A
Biblical position would include Biblical history. This position
gives final authority to the Biblical account because 1) God
caused the events and 2) He was there to observe what happened
and to have His Spirit write about these events through his
chosen scribes in the original autographs. While this history is
not recorded in scientific language, it is recorded as factual
history, and therefore cannot be voided by natural science.
can make no statements about creation (cosmology).
Science is limited to theory and experiment. What happened
in the past may be constructed, as theory, but it is just that,
theory. Since the past is past, no experiments can be made
upon it, so experimental science can say nothing about the past.
In fact, the study of the past is an historical endeavor, not a
scientific one. Thus, rules of studying and making
conclusions from history apply to the study of origins, not
science. Since the only Person who witnessed Creation was
God Himself, only He can record the observable events.
And, He has done so!
11. Age of the
Universe. The precise age of the earth and the universe is
unknown. However, their age is likely much closer to the
estimate of Bishop James Ussher of approximately 6000 years than
any estimates of tens of thousands of years or more which is a
capitulation to evolutionary science.
12. Providence of
God. “God, from all eternity, did, by the most wise and holy
counsel of his own will, freely, and unchangeably ordain
whatsoever comes to pass: yet so, as thereby neither is God the
author of sin, nor is violence offered to the will of the
creatures; nor is the liberty or contingency of second causes
taken away, but rather established” (Westminster Confession of
“God the great Creator
of all things doth uphold, direct, dispose, and govern all
creatures, actions, and things, from the greatest even to the
least, by his most wise and holy providence, according to his
infallible foreknowledge, and the free and immutable counsel of
his own will, to the praise of the glory of his wisdom, power,
justice, goodness, and mercy” (Westminster Confession of Faith,
“God, in his ordinary providence, makes use of means, yet is
free to work without, above, and against them, at his pleasure”
(Westminster Confession of Faith, V:3). Miracles are rare events
after Biblical times. Before something is labeled a “miracle,”
it ought to examined intensively with extensive documentation.
Even, then, mistaken conclusions may be made.
14. Theory of
Evolution. Although the theory of evolution claims
“evidences,” close examination reveals that they are
presumptions, rather than proofs. The theory was promulgated and
supported by atheists as a necessary process, in the place of
God, to explain the origin of all plant and animal life. Not
only does it fail to account for the variety and complexity of
living things, it fails to account for the origin of matter and
15. Second Law of
Thermodynamics. All of the chemical and physical processes
in a closed system tend to drive that system toward maximum
disorder (entropy). Evolution violates this natural law.
The following additions
were made after the original posting of these principles.
16. The fallacy of
Creation Science. Over the
past 40 years, scientists who are Christians have developed an
understanding of science that is compatible with the Creation
accounts in the Bible. This development has been a great
boon and comfort for many Christians to know in some detail how
modern science and scripture might be compatible.
But, there are also dangers in Creation Science.
version of this science can believed as true over all others.
Indeed, there are serious conflicts, if not breaks in fellowship,
among many creation scientists over their particular paradigms.
In this conflict, their science has been made an authority over
Scripture. If science is properly understood, all
science is limited to its own theories and constructs.
Summary Principles of Science.) No science,
even Creation Science, can ever be considered to be unchanging
truth. To do so is to
misunderstand the nature of science and the truth of Scripture.
Much of the debate between Young-Earth and Old-Earth defenders
concerns their scientific theories and "proofs."
The differences in their science
should be matters of interest, novelty, and debate over the
concerns of "good and bad" scholarship and science.
Their differences over Scripture are infinitely more serious, as
they are concerns for truth.
But, personally, I believe that most differences over Scripture
on both sides would be resolved, if science were left out.
For example, would the concern over yom and its length of
time have ever been an issue apart from scientific theories of
evolution? I think not.
17. Cosmology and first
principles. As I read and
Numbers, Mathematics, Formulas, and Geometric* Designs, the
foolishness and incoherence of the humanistic, evolutionary
worldview has become more apparent. Nothing in this universe
exists without complex order and design. Even to postulate that
such complexity could come from a Big Bang, random order, and
chance defies any reasonable argument from first principles.
Even to allow for chance demands an underlying structure.
If I come to a crossroads, be it two or five or more open
avenues for choice or chance, the avenues themselves exist because of some prior order, design,
or creation. If one goes to
a roulette wheel to bet on his “chances,” there is a structure
in which the “chance” takes place. (If the “house” has rigged
the bets, then there is even less “chance” of winning.
Chance, as a totally random concept, has an infinite number of
possibilities. Therefore, random chance can never give
direction for order or design, no matter what billions of years
of time that it is given.
Arguing on a philosophical basis, instead of accepting
the cosmology of the pagans.
Christians have not recognized,
much less taken advantage of the philosophical arguments that
Christianity has given them. In many places on this website, I
have stated that all religions and philosophies start with first
principles or presuppositions (axioms). If one only “knows the
Bible,” he is lost in this understanding, throws away his power
of reasoning with unbelievers, and assumes the worldview of the
pagans to argue against them! Now, I am not so naïve to believe
that learning to think logically and rationally about first
principles will necessarily suddenly overcome the opposition,
but they can be painted into a corner that makes their position
seem ridiculous by any philosophical standards that have been
accepted for centuries.